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Goddesses: Female Angels, Female Nephilim, or Demonic Spirits?

How do we jump to the conclusion that all angels are male, based on only 4 names in the Bible? Then there’s the mention of two female beings in Zechariah, which also seem to be angels, but many Christians absolutely refuse to acknowledge that God might actually have created female angels.

The reason that the issue is avoided or denied is because angels don’t marry in heaven, and they would have to explain the need for both genders of angels. Then of course, they have to make speculation about sex, and it wouldn’t fit with the traditions of men. So it’s simply avoided in most cases.

However, I’ve always been curious about the mention of female angels, demons, goddesses, and other supernatural female entities. The reason for this fascination was because I always heard, “there are no female angels”. Before we get started, I’d like to get an idea of how many people believe in female angels:

Do You Believe In Female Angels?

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The Problem With A Study Like This

Statue of Female AngelThere seems to be an all too eager attitude to dismiss the notion of female angels, and a true lack of the willingness to look into the matter in depth. Those that do take this study upon themselves, have a tendency to conclude that, “the Bible doesn’t directly say it, so they must not exist.” This article is my attempt to break that mold, and separate myself from the pack, as far as this subject is concerned.

I briefly touched upon this subject in my book, Beyond Flesh and Blood, The Ultimate Guide To Angels and Demons. What I did not include is the following. If female angels have indeed been sighted, there are only a few possibilities to choose from.

  • Female Angels Actually Exist
  • Female Nephilim Were Mistaken As Angels
  • Female Demonic Entities
  • Some Male Angels Like To Cross Dress

Throughout this article, we are going to look at all of these points, including the one about male, cross dressing, homosexual angels. Yes, its really the basis of an explanation for female entities, made by a well known person.


See For Yourself

I don’t want you to just take my word at face value. I want you to look and see for yourself what information is floating around the web about female angels. Some answers are better than others, but none of them really sufficiently answer the question. Below is a Google Search Box. The results will open in a new tab or window (depending on your settings). Type “female angels” and click search.

Custom Search

One of the most interesting, and ridiculous answers comes from Catholic.com, where they write the following:

“You are correct. Angels are pure intellects that do not have physical forms and do not reproduce sexually. Indeed, angels do not reproduce at all; God created each of them out of nothing at the dawn of creation. They are numerous, immaterial, and immortal, so they don’t need to reproduce.

Sexual reproduction is something God designed many earthly creatures to do. Others he designed to reproduce asexually (for example, by mitosis). But since he designed angels not to reproduce, he didn’t design them to be male or female.

Angels may appear to have gender in visions or in artwork, but that is just symbolism that makes it easier for us to think about them. If we were being strictly literal they couldn’t be seen in visions or depicted in artwork because, according to their immaterial nature, they have no visible or physical forms at all.”

There are so many things wrong with this response that its hard to find a good place to start. I’m going to make two quick observations about the response:

  1. Not a single scripture was given to back up their answer.
  2. Every point made was the complete opposite of what we find in the Bible when we actually read it.

Unfortunately, some people are guided by religion more than the Biblical facts. Let’s look at what scripture has to say about angelic gender.


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The Myth of Angelic Gender

For some reason, those that consider themselves hardcore believers and teachers of God’s word, have a tendency to stray far away from what scripture actually says. There are several myths floating around the Christian Church in regards to the gender of angels. Those myths are:

  • Angels are sexless.
  • Angels are hermaphrodites.
  • Angels cannot reproduce.
  • Angels are only male.

In this article, I won’t be making an argument for angelic reproduction. That can be found in my book, As The Days of Noah Were: The Sons of God and The Coming Apocalypse. For now, I’m going to focus on the argument that angels are sexless and the argument that angels are only male.


Do Angels Have A Gender?

I’m not sure if Catholic.com represents the official Catholic position on angels, but the answer provided by them was just plain false. The Bible clearly makes reference to angels having a definitive gender. Here are a few places in scripture where angels are referred to in the masculine sense:

Also, out of the 4 angels named in the Bible (Michael, Gabriel, Satan, and Appolyon) all of them have male names. As we can see, according to the Bible (not religion or tradition), angels do indeed have a gender. There is nothing in any of these verses that says these are merely figures of speech or that we can’t take them literally. Those are just two more myths imposed by people that don’t want to accept what the Bible says at face value. That tends to lead to false teaching.

I hope that we can all agree, that according to scripture, at the bare minimum, at least 4 angels are referred to as males.

Books For Further Research On Angels

Female Entities In The Bible – Part 1

While there are several female entities mentioned in the Bible, we are specifically going to focus on two that are mentioned in Zechariah 5.

“Then lifted I up mine eyes, and looked, and, behold, there came out two women, and the wind was in their wings; for they had wings like the wings of a stork: and they lifted up the ephah between the earth and the heaven.” – Zechariah 5:9

The first thing we are going to do is break down the parts of this verse pertaining specifically to the “women”. Here is the verse again, this time with links to Hebrew words we are going to focus on.

“Then lifted I up mine eyes, and looked, and, behold, there came out two women, and the wind was in their wings; for they had wings like the wings of a stork: and they lifted up the ephah between the earth and the heaven.” – Zechariah 5:9

  • Women - Ishshah (feminine noun)
  • Wind – Ruach (feminine noun)
  • Wings – Kanaph (feminine noun)

Three different feminine nouns are used to describe these “women” that Zechariah saw. If the Bible is indeed inspired by the Holy Spirit, then this is a very important detail, even though some would like to write it off as a minor footnote.

Women

The word ishshah is used all over the Bible to refer to human women, but we know from the context of this verse, that these women are not human.

Wind

Here the word ruach is used. Many people associate this word with God because it is the same word used to reference His Spirit or Breath. Genesis 1:2 is a perfect example of how the word ruach is used in reference to God. However, in this verse, it likely means “wind”, just as it was translated.

Wings

The interesting thing about the word kanaph is that it is only used 3 times in scripture, and all of them are a reference to supernatural entities. The word is found in the following two verses in reference to the Cherubim.

  1. Exodus 25:20
  2. Exodus 37:9

If you are among the camp that believes Cherubim are a rank of angel, then you should wonder why Zechariah attached a descriptive feature of angels to these two “women” spirits. If you do not believe Cherubim are a rank of angels, you may want to start with a basic study of angels before you attempt to tackle more in depth questions about angels and spirits.

Summary

In the Zechariah 5:9 we have two female spirits, both described with Hebrew feminine nouns, and both associated with a term specifically used to describe the wings of the Cherubim on the Ark of The Covenant. It seems as though we are supposed to get the idea that these are indeed female, and possibly angels.

Again, if we are going solely based on scripture, we should all agree that the Bible does mention female spirits at least once.

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Female Entities In The Bible – Part 2

Much of the following is taken from my book, Beyond Flesh and Blood: The Ultimate Guide To Angels and Demons. However, I’ve inserted some updated thoughts on the subject, so please read it again, even if you’ve already read it in the book.

 When we encounter a situation similar to the one mentioned above, all we can do is attempt to research it through the lens of oral Jewish tradition and other cultures that were focused on the gods and goddesses that they worshiped. There are several Jewish texts in which we find that their tradition did indeed reflect a belief in female angels:

  • Midbar Kedemot
  • Yalkut Hadash
  • Talmud

With that said, we have to keep in mind that many of these non Jewish cultures did not have the spiritual benefit of Biblical discernment concerning these matters. In Greek mythology, we find a goddess that matches the Biblical description of the women in Zechariah 5. This goddess was known to the Greeks as Nike, the goddess of victory.

Greek Goddess Nike

Statue of The Greek Goddess Nike In Ephesus

This goddess also seems to be the target in Christ’s message to the church of Ephesus (my assumption based on context and specific choice of words). The carving above was found in the city of Ephesus and it is of the goddess Nike. According to the Greeks, Nike would reward the victors of competition with a wreath as a crown (crown of victory). In contrast, Christ promises to reward those that nikao (overcome, victory) with fruit from the tree of life.

“He that hath an ear, let him hear what the Spirit saith unto the churches…” – Revelation 2:7

Opinion: Christ’s message to Ephesus (and the other churches) is of a spiritual matter. If this was simply a matter of problems int he physical realm, we probably wouldn’t need the help of the Spirit to discern them. This is part of my reasoning that Christ may have been addressing a spiritual entity, and not just a group of people following a false teacher.

The Greek word nikao comes from the word nike and there are also several other words that come from the word nike.

  • Nicholas
  • Nicola
  • Nick
  • Nikolai
  • Nicolae
  • Nils
  • Klaas
  • Nicole
  • Ike
  • Niki
  • Nikita
  • Nika
  • Niketas
  • Nico

In the letter to the Ephesians we find the first mention in the Bible to an obscure group of people referred to as the Nicolaitanes. The word Nicolaitanes is a compound word consisting of two Greek words that mean “to conquer the people”, which leads some researchers to believe that the Nicolaitanes were conquering the people in a spiritual sense. There are others that believe the word is a reference to followers of Nicolaus who was considered by the Church to be a heretic.

Theory: The reference to the Nicolaitanes may be a reference to those that followed the goddess Nike. The actual meaning of the term is unclear, but based on Ephesus being the center of Nike worship, it seems just as plausible as the two more popular theories.

Jesus addressing a supernatural entity in His letter to the churches would not be out of the ordinary in the Bible. This same theme of addressing a spiritual entity or power behind the human authority is found in Isaiah 14 and Ezekiel 28. While it is plausible that Nike is being alluded to in the letter to the Ephesians, she is not the only female spirit that is referenced in the Bible.

Female Entities In The Bible – Part 3

Babylonian Carving of Lilitu

Babylonian Carving of Lilitu

The Succubus legend was very popular during medieval times, and according to legend, the Succubus was a female demon that would sexually seduce men while they were sleeping. Even though this belief gained popularity during medieval times, the legend of a sexual, female, supernatural entity goes back even further.

“The wild beasts of the desert shall also meet with the wild beasts of the island, and the satyr shall cry to his fellow; the screech owl also shall rest there, and find for herself a place of rest.” – Isaiah 34:14

In the King James Version of the Bible, the reference to a screech owl seems like no big deal. However, there are many people that have rightfully pointed out that something is strange about translating it as such.

  • Liyliyth (Hebrew) – translated as “screech owl”, but from the root word layil which means, “night specter.”

Simply put, a specter is a ghost or apparition. Isaiah 34:14 clearly refers to liyliyth as a “her”, which means we are definitely dealing with a female entity of some kind, but what exactly is she? If we do some digging into the liyliyth, the verse in Isaiah only becomes stranger.

Disclaimer: The following idea is not what I personally believe to be true, but is one view regarding liyliyth that is very popular in certain groups. Biblical discretion is advised.

There are some students of the Bible that point to the verse in Isaiah as proof of Lilith, whom they believe was Adam’s first wife before Eve. There are several versions of the Lilith story, but they all end with her having sex with an angel and giving birth to demons (angel/human hybrids). According to the story, she was banished to the furthest parts of the earth and does nothing but bear demonic offspring every day.

While the above story does not reflect my personal belief on the subject, the reference to sex between a human woman and angels, which leads to demonic offspring, is interesting. This belief is also just one of the two beliefs surrounding the liyliyth and it is the second belief that is much more disturbing than Adam having an unfaithful first wife that was sexually attracted to angels. The Lilith legend is usually associated with the Babylonian lilitu, which were female spirits that were worshiped through human sacrifice. The earliest known reference to the lilitu was found in an incantation (spell) text dating back to 600 BC.

If we take a slight detour into Babylonian belief, we encounter the father of Gilgamesh, known as Lilu. He was known to sexually seduce women in their sleep, which leads many to believe that he may have been an incubus. An incubus was the male counterpart to the female succubus. Both of these spirits were believed to sexually seduce humans while they slept.

“Still if some are occasionally begotten from demons, it is not from the seed of such demons, nor from their assumed bodies, but from the seed of men taken for the purpose; as when the demon assumes first the form of a woman, and afterwards of a man; just as they take the seed of other things for other generating purposes.” – Thomas Aquinas

The above quote from Thomas Aquinas is important because he was an avid believer that demons and fallen angels could not reproduce with humans, but he also believed that it was happening somehow. The best explanation that he could deduce was provided in the above given quote as to how it happened. This is what I was referring to above when I mentioned cross dressing male angels. The Latin Vulgate also has an interesting translation of the word liyliyth.

“et occurrent daemonia onocentauris et pilosus clamabit alter ad alterum ibi cubavit lamia et invenit sibi requiem” — Isaiah 34:14, Vulgate

There are two words that should draw our attention, and the first is daemonia (demon). The second word is lamia, it is the Latin equivalent to the Hebrew liyliyth. In Greek mythology, Lamia was the queen of Libya, and was also a child eating demon. Later legends refer to multiple lamiae (plural) in which they are depicted as entities similar to those found in the vampire legend. In fact, the Vulgate was not the only version of the Bible to make a reference to Lamia. Before the King James Version was published in 1611 and changed the translation to screech owl, the word was included in several other English Bibles.

  • Wyclif’s Bible – 1395
  • Bishop’s Bible – 1568
  • Douay-Rheims Bible – 1582

The King James alteration of the text is just one in a long line of alterations. In fact, this same word has been changed again in several more recent Bible versions.

  • ASV – 1901 – Night Monster
  • Emphasized Bible – 1902 – Night Specter
  • JPS – 1917 – Night Monster
  • Moffatt Translation – 1922 – Vampire
  • Jerusalem Bible – 1966 – Lilith
  • NRSV – 1989 – Lilith
  • MSG – 1993 – Lilith
  • NASB – 1995 – Night Monster

The general consensus among Bible translators, historians, mythology, legends, and the meaning of the Hebrew word, is that the liyliyth is not an owl as presented in the King James Version. However, as we see in the picture above, the owl was associated with lilitu. Keep in mind that we are not talking about modern day, Westernized, movie monsters. Isaiah 34 came from the mouth of God, and it is He that references an entity that was believed by several ancient cultures to be very real and was worshiped through human sacrifice. This may also ultimately explain the origin of pagan goddesses and provide a much needed Biblical explanation to the issue.

It is important that we make an attempt to understand what Isaiah 34:14 is really referring to because the entire chapter is an end time prophecy. In verse 14 alone God makes a reference to wild beasts of the island, satyrs, and a evil female being inhabiting places on earth. If the liyliyth  or lamia will be present on earth in during the last days, it may add one more disturbing aspect to Jesus’ statement concerning the end of the age:

“Men’s hearts failing them for fear, and for looking after those things which are coming on the earth: for the powers of heaven shall be shaken.” – Luke 21:26

While the above verse does not specifically refer to the liyliyth, it may include more than we can imagine at the moment. Verses like Isaiah 34:14 are just one more reason we need to seriously consider what spiritual warfare is and how we engage in it. This brings us to other non-angelic spirits mentioned in the Bible.

Female Entities In Modern Culture

Here are a few of my personal observation about the above material. It is interesting how long the description of female entities endured in human culture.

  • From Babylon (circa 1800 B.C.)
  • Zechariah (circa 520 B.C.)
  • Revelation (circa 96 A.D.)
  1. The Greek goddess Nike was being worshiped in Ephesus when revelation was written. If we look at the timeline, her description matches the description in Zechariah, which closely matches the Babylonian description of the Lilitu.
  2. In Babylon, the Lilitu are depicted as part bird, and in Zechariah, the women’s wings are compared to that of a stork.

Even now, the influence of Nike on modern culture can be seen all over the world. Here are just a few symbols you probably recognize.

Nike Swoosh

Nike Swoosh

The above is the most blatant display of the Nike connection in modern culture. After all, the company is named after the Greek goddess. I’m always baffled by Christians that are always looking for signs in everyone else’s clothing lines, but refuse to stop plastering themselves with the name of the Greek goddess. That’s just plain hypocrisy.

Nike On The Olympic Medal

Nike On The Olympic Medal

Nike was and is the official goddess of the Olympics. This Olympic medal from the most recent 2012 games testifies to that. Every Olympian that won a medal wore this depiction of the goddess Nike.

Nike Inspired Rolls Royce Emblem

Nike Inspired Rolls Royce Emblem

For those of you thinking that the connection between Nike and Rolls Royce is a stretch, consider the following names for their series of cars:

  • Silver Ghost
  • Phantom
  • Wraith
  • Cloud
  • Shadow
  • Silver Spirit
  • Silver Seraph

The official names of the logo are “The Spirit of Ecstasy” and “The Flying Lady”. Why all of the focus on ghosts, phantoms, spirits, shadows, and seraphs (a rank of angel)? A quick Wikipedia search of Charles Sykes (the designer of The Spirit of Ecstasy), reveals the following:

“Sykes’ brief from Claude Johnson had been to evoke the spirit of mythical beauty, Nike, whose graceful image was admired in The Louvre, but Sykes was not impressed. He felt that a more feminine representation might be apt.” – Wikipedia

Maybe Jesus’ warning to the church of Ephesus was much deeper than we give it credit for or maybe I’m looking too hard. However, it does seem like much more than a coincidence that Nike is so well embedded in our modern culture. With that said, its still not proof that female angels exist.

Are The Women Female Nephilim?

There have been people that propose the idea that the women in Zechariah 5 are female nephilim, but that is a huge stretch. The Bible doesn’t mention female nephilim at all, and on top of that, I don’t believe I’ve ever read about a hybrid female offspring in any culture. The hybrids are always males.

Are They Female Demonic Spirits?

Those of us that have studied the Bible realize that the most likely source of the origin of demons are the dead nephilim. Because there are no female nephilim mentioned in the Bible or in any other historical documents that I’m aware of, it is relatively safe to conclude that there are no female demons.

Are There Female Angels?

I don’t see why not. I’m amazed that so many supposedly straight Christian men are against gender in heaven. We have no idea what the rules are in heaven or why angels have the equipment necessary for reproduction. The idea of female angel like entities has been around since Babylon, and any reasonable person would conclude that everyone isn’t just making it up.

With that said, I can’t give a definitive yes or no, but I am lean strongly toward yes. I can’t think of a single reason that a male angel would want to pose as a female angel. Even in modern abduction accounts, there are female entities on board, even though many of the researchers in this field often neglect that information.

Keep in mind that whether you believe in female angels or not, its not an issue of salvation. Its an extra side study that those of us ready for the meat of the word should look into. And if you think that focusing on this is a distraction from Christ, you need to check yourself and your position in Christ. I already know what Christ did on the cross. Its not something that I or any genuine Christian needs to relearn. That is milk and something you should know before accepting Christ as your savior.

Feel free to ring in with your thoughts on the subject.

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facebook comments:

  • Minister Fortson says:

    The Bible tells us plenty. I challenge you to show me anything you just said in the Bible. Angels get physical with people all throughout the Bible.

    April 4, 2014 at 10:55 am
  • Kenneth Heck says:

    Simply because angels are spirits, at a level beyond the human soul, doesn’t mean that they also can’t take on or enter and leave physical bodies to do their work (Gen 19:1), much as humans put on and take off clothing. Whether the body is male or female depends upon exactly what the angels need to do. But where would these physical bodies, that to all appearances resemble human bodies, come from? They must be from other realms, but we won’t have a definite answer until we know much more about angels and their origin.

    April 4, 2014 at 10:17 am
  • Minister Fortson says:

    I don’t think we will be genderless at all as some people teach. The Bible doesn’t support the idea at all.

    Thanks for writing. I appreciate the kind words.

    February 18, 2014 at 5:19 pm

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